What are the three methods of excavation?

What are the methods of the excavation?

Excavation Methods

  • Archaeological Mapping.
  • Archeological mapping.
  • Archaeological Sites.
  • Archeological sites.
  • Survey and Excavation.
  • Artifacts and artifact classification.
  • Stratigraphy (Archaeology)
  • Marine Archaeology.

What are two methods of excavation?

A trench is a type of excavation that is generally deeper than it is wide at the top.


  • Shielding.
  • Shoring.
  • Benching.
  • Battering.

How do you make an excavation plan?

An Excavation and Trenching Plan should include the following elements:

  1. A hazard assessment.
  2. Identification and credentials of competent person.
  3. Diagram or sketch of the area where the work is to be done, with adjacent and nearby structures shown.
  4. Projected depth of the excavation.

What is a deep excavation?

Deep excavations, on the other hand, are defined as being any excavation which is more than 4.5 metres in depth – a considerable height indeed. Deep excavations are trickier to plan and implement than shallow excavations, for a variety of reasons, which is why they tend to only be carried out by trained professionals.

What is common excavation?

Common excavation is the excavation of soil materials from within the contract limits; however, this excavation is not limited to soil materials and may include existing HMA pavement. … Section 203 further defines embankment construction as the excavation, hauling, and disposal or compaction of all material.

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What is topsoil excavation?

Topsoil excavation

This involves the removal of the exposed layer of the earth’s surface, including any vegetation or decaying matter which could make the soil compressible and therefore unsuitable for bearing structural loads. The depth will vary from site to site, but is usually in a range of 150-300 mm.

What is channel excavation?

Channel excavation consists of removing materials from channels, drainage ditches, and so on for one of several purposes, but often to change the flow of water or increase capacity. This could help to alleviate flooding or alternately, stagnation and sediment buildup.

What is zoned excavation method?

The zoned excavation technique was adopted to control the deformations caused by excavation. The excavation site was divided into three parts and successively constructed in the order of Zones A, B, and C with the bottom-up method.

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