What are the safety measures for excavation?
Safety Precaution while Excavation Work:
Avoid work in rainy season. The nail should not be lying around, after the completion of layout work. Barricade the site to restrict the entry of animal and the unauthorised person on site. Ensure that workers are wearing personal protective equipment.
How can excavation control hazards?
The precautions to be taken are:
- Trench collapse should be avoided by battering the sides to a safe angle or by supporting them with sheeting or proprietary support systems. …
- Excavated spoil, plant or materials should not be stored close to the sides of excavations as loose material can fall in.
What are the rules of excavation?
OSHA requires employers to provide ladders, steps, ramps, or other safe means of egress for workers working in trench excavations 4 feet (1.22 meters) or deeper. The means of egress must be located so as not to require workers to travel more than 25 feet (7.62 meters) laterally within the trench.
What is shoring in excavation?
Shoring Types. Shoring is the provision of a support system for trench faces used to prevent movement of soil, underground utilities, roadways, and foundations. Shoring or shielding is used when the location or depth of the cut makes sloping back to the maximum allowable slope impractical.
What is an excavation plan?
An Excavation and Trenching Plan should include the following elements: A hazard assessment. Identification and credentials of competent person. Diagram or sketch of the area where the work is to be done, with adjacent and nearby structures shown. Projected depth of the excavation.
What is excavation answer?
Excavation is the act or process of digging, especially when something specific is being removed from the ground. Archaeologists use excavation to find artifacts and fossils.