Best answer: How are excavations done?

Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development. Each of these processes requires unique techniques, tools and machinery to get the job done right. The processes used will depend upon the structure that will result from the construction process.

How are archaeological excavations conducted?

Archaeologists use a statistical sampling method to select which squares or units they will excavate. To begin, they will collect surface artifacts, then remove any ground vegetation. Archaeologists screen all soil removed from a unit to recover small artifacts and ecofacts.

What are two methods of excavation?

A trench is a type of excavation that is generally deeper than it is wide at the top.

Trenching

  • Shielding.
  • Shoring.
  • Benching.
  • Battering.

What is the first step in excavation?

The excavation process includes:

  1. setting corner benchmarks.
  2. surveying ground and top levels.
  3. excavation to the approved depth.
  4. dressing the loose soil.
  5. marking up the cut off level.
  6. the construction of dewatering wells and interconnecting trenches.
  7. marking the boundaries of the building.
  8. the construction of protection drains.

What are the three basic stages of an archaeological study?

Generally speaking, most archaeological field investigations are a three-step process. These processes are known as Phase I (Identification), Phase II (Evaluation) and Phase III (Mitigation/Data Recovery). The major components of each archaeological phase are addressed below.

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What is Archaeology salary?

Archaeologist Salary

State Annual Salary Monthly Pay
California $58,732 $4,894
Vermont $56,063 $4,672
Idaho $55,330 $4,611
Massachusetts $54,972 $4,581

Can archaeologists keep what they find?

Archaeologists do not keep the objects they excavate, since the remains generally belong to the country in which they are found. Archaeologists are only interested in studying the objects and do not keep or sell them.

How is Archaeology important?

Archaeology provides us with the opportunity to learn about past cultures through the study of artifacts, animal bones and sometimes human bones. Studying these artifacts helps to provide us with some insight about what life was like for people who left behind no written record.

Why does archeology get buried?

Humans steal the best bits to reuse in other buildings, and erosion wears everything else to dust. So the only ancient ruins we find are the ones that were buried. But they got buried in the first place because the ground level of ancient cities tended to steadily rise.

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