Postharvest handling practices like harvesting, precooling, cleaning or disinfecting, sorting and grading, packaging, storage, and transporting played an important role in maintaining quality and extending shelf life of the tomato fruits after harvest.
What is post harvesting process?
In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. The instant a crop is removed from the ground, or separated from its parent plant, it begins to deteriorate.
What is primary processing in post harvest?
The post-harvest system can be split into three distinct areas. The first is the preparation of harvested grain for storage. The second, which is referred to as primary processing, involves further treatment of the grain to clean it, remove the husk or reduce the size.
How can we ensure the proper harvesting of fruits?
Harvest. To ensure proper harvest, it’s important to set an optimal maturity date of the fruit. Harvest maturity refers to the time when the fruit are ready for harvest, thus taking care of the time required for fruit to reach the market. Considering this, farmers usually start harvesting at technology fruits stage.
What is the main objective of post-harvest technology?
The three main objectives of applying postharvest technology to harvested fruits and vegetables are: to maintain quality (appearance, texture, flavor and nutritive value) to protect food safety, and. to reduce losses between harvest and consumption.
What are post-harvest diseases?
Postharvest diseases are those that appear and develop after harvest. Outcomes of postharvest diseases. • Products with defects are unmarketable leading to increased. cost of production and occasionally loss of an entire crop. •
What are the major post-harvest causes?
Causes of post-harvest loss in this stage include limited availability of suitable varieties for processing, lack of appropriate processing technologies, inadequate commercialization of new technologies and lack of basic infrastructure, inadequate facilities and infrastructure, and insufficient promotion of processed …
What is maturity in fruits?
Fruit maturity is defined as fullness of development, can only occur while the fruit is attached to the tree, and is marked by termination of cell expansion and the cessation of dry matter accumulation.
What is maturity index?
The maturity index for a commodity is a. measurement or measurements that can be. used to determine whether a particular example of the commodity is mature. These indices are important to the trade in fresh fruits and vegetables for several reasons. Trade regulations.
What are the goals of good harvesting?
The goal of good harvesting is to maximize crop yield and minimize any crop losses and quality deterioration. Harvesting can be done manually, using hands or knifes and it can be done mechanically with the use of rippers, combine harvesters or other machines.