What do you mean by post harvest management?

Post-harvest management is a system of handling, storing, and transporting agricultural commodities after harvest. … This means having to ensure that moisture, contaminants, and insects will not affect the quality of the commodities.

What is post-harvest management of fruits and vegetables?

Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of …

What is pre and post-harvest?

Preharvest refers to activities on the farm or ranch that occur before crop or livestock products are sold. Similarly, what are the post harvest activities? The post-harvest sector includes all points in the value chain from production in the field to the food being placed on a plate for consumption.

What are the different types of post harvest activities?

Diagram 2. Stages of a whole post-harvest system

(01) HARVESTING handling
(03) DRYING transport and distribution
(04) STORING
(05) PROCESSING
(06) PRIMARY PROCESSING cleaning, classification, dehulling, pounding, grinding, packaging, soaking, winnowing, drying, sieving, whitening, milling
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How can we reduce post-harvest losses of fruits and vegetables?

6 Tips To Avoid Postharvest Losses

  1. Assess Maturity. …
  2. Check Your Water Quality. …
  3. Check Your Water Temperature. …
  4. Avoid Injury. …
  5. Keep Your Produce Cool. …
  6. Proper Storage.

What is ZECC?

Evaporative cooling chambers (ECCs), also known as “zero energy cool chambers” (ZECCs), are a type of evaporative cooler, which are simple and inexpensive ways to keep vegetables fresh without the use of electricity.

What are the 3 common tools for harvesting vegetables?

Harvesting tools:

The most common type of harvesting implement are small sickle, big sickle, darat, gandasa and small axe etc., (Fig. 9.9a, b, c & d). The hand sickle is used to harvest crops like wheat, maize, barley, pulses and grass etc.

What is the difference between pre-harvest and post-harvest?

A pre-harvest system may be defined as a system of existing technologies for agricultural raw materials production. … In the system of traditional agriculture that predominates in developing countries, pre- and post-harvest technologies are usually of different social and economic structure.

What are post-harvest diseases?

Postharvest diseases are those that appear and develop after harvest. Outcomes of postharvest diseases. • Products with defects are unmarketable leading to increased. cost of production and occasionally loss of an entire crop. •

What are the four causes of harvest loss?

Answer: Main causes of postharvest loss include lack of temperature management, rough handling, poor packaging material, and lack of education about the need to maintain quality [7].

What are the major post harvest causes?

Causes of post-harvest loss in this stage include limited availability of suitable varieties for processing, lack of appropriate processing technologies, inadequate commercialization of new technologies and lack of basic infrastructure, inadequate facilities and infrastructure, and insufficient promotion of processed …

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Is maturity the same as ripening?

Maturation is indicative of the fruit being ready for harvest. At this point, the edible part of the fruit or vegetable is fully developed in size, although it may not be ready for immediate consumption. Ripening follows or overlaps maturation, rendering the produce edible, as indicated by taste.

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