Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper. … On large mechanized farms, harvesting utilizes the most expensive and sophisticated farm machinery, such as the combine harvester.
How are crops harvested?
The process of cutting and gathering a crop is called harvesting. … This can be done manually by striking the crop against a hard surface or by making farm animals trample over the crop. A machine called a thresher is used to do the job in modern farms, else combines are used to harvest, thresh and winnow.
How do farmers know when to harvest?
There are different methods farmers can use to determine the right time for harvesting: moisture content of grains, sugar and nutrient content of fruits, visual properties of mature fruits (color, scent, size), counting of the vegetation season days caracteristic for each variety, etc.
What do farmers do at harvest?
When a crop has grown and is ready to eat, the farmer must collect it from the fields. This is known as the harvest. Depending upon the crop, the process of harvesting varies a lot. Grain crops such as wheat and barley are collected by huge combine harvesters.
What happens to crops after they are harvested?
Once a grain crop is harvested, a farmer needs to manage its drying and storage. This is the final stage of grain production. Grain drying is an essential practice that occurs before storage. It reduces the grain moisture by 80-90% and prepares the crop for further storage.
What are the tools used by farmers?
The agricultural equipment or Implements or tools which are to be used in farming may be bigger one like carts, bullock driven ploughs, tractor driven plough, transplanter, tractor, harvester, fertiliser applier, ground implements like cultivator, rotovator, puddler etc., and smaller agricultural equipments which can …
What months are harvest season?
Late September to early December is the time where farmers get to see the reward of the growing season. Harvest starts in mid-September, and most do not understand all the work that goes into harvest. Making sure that all crops are dry is the most important. This is important for storage reasons.