Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. … When unloaded, the forklift’s center of gravity is right about here. When a load is added, the forklift’s center of gravity moves towards the forks. Heavier loads shift the center of gravity forward even further.
What can cause the stability of a forklift to change?
Turning with an elevated load
It’s a common contributor towards tip-overs because turning at the same time as raising or lowering a load causes greater force to be applied to one side of the truck than the other, reducing stability.
How many forklifts died in 2019?
Forklift-related injuries are also cross-categorized by event type, most often as either a transportation incident or contact with object or equipment incident. Forklifts were the source of 79 work-related deaths and 8,140 nonfatal injuries involving days away from work in 2019.
What is the number one cause of forklift accidents?
Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving lift trucks. Overturns can be caused by: Improper turning. Driving with an elevated load.
In what circumstances should you drive in reverse on an incline forklift?
When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope. When traveling without a load, the forks should always point down the slope. The forklift operator should also drive in reverse up the ramp or drive forward when going down the ramp.
Why is it dangerous to turn a forklift on a ramp or slope?
Not only can operators be at risk when travelling recklessly on slopes but the safety of pedestrians is also compromised. The load in which the forklift operator may be transporting can also be significantly damaged or even destroyed if safety precautions are not followed within this situation.
How much back tilt should be applied when picking up a load?
When carrying a load on level ground, the correct position of the forks is 100-150mm (4-6 Inches) off the ground and tilted back sufficiently to stabilise the load.
What happens when a forklift is overloaded on the tip of the fork?
Deadly Danger # 1—Forklift Turnovers
Forklifts can easily tip if they are overloaded, if the load is not well balanced, or if they travel with the forks too high. How it can happen: A forklift operator was killed when his forklift overturned when he was turning while backing down an incline.