Forklift stability is based on keeping the center of gravity inside what’s called the stability triangle. This stability triangle is made by connecting the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. The other concept to understand is the forklift’s center of gravity.
What factors can affect the forklift center of gravity and stability?
The load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the capacity and the stability of the forklift. Forklifts are designed to carry a capacity load at a standard load center, commonly 24 inches.
What are 3 contributing factors that can affect lift truck stability?
Load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the stability of the forklift.
Does a forklift have a stability Square?
A forklift has a three-point suspension system. The points are found over both of the two load (front) wheels and midway between the rear wheels. When imaginary lines are drawn to connect them, what’s known as the stability triangle is formed.
How much back tilt should be applied when picking up a load?
When carrying a load on level ground, the correct position of the forks is 100-150mm (4-6 Inches) off the ground and tilted back sufficiently to stabilise the load.
Which of the following are factors that will directly influence the stability of a forklift?
A load’s width, length, height, and weight distribution can also shift the center of gravity and affect how much net capacity your forklift is capable of. Unsurprisingly, an unstable center of gravity makes your forklift vulnerable to tipping over and drastically reduces its lifting capacity.
What steps should you take to improve stability and prevent a tipover?
Only stable or safely arranged loads must be handled!
- Keep the center of gravity low and avoid off-center loading. Off-center loads could cause tip-over or falling loads.
- Slowly operate the lift truck when picking up or placing a long or wide load, or when turning with such a load.
What factors affect a lift trucks capacity?
The maximum weight a forklift can carry depends on several factors. The load size, position and weight distribution all critically affect the forklift’s capacity and the stability of the truck.
What will reduce the stability of a moving forklift?
4 causes of forklift tip-overs & how to massively reduce the risk
- Handling of suspended or live loads. …
- Turning with an elevated load. …
- Traversing a slope or uneven ground. …
- Insecure loads or overloading. …
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